Water Reuse Projects


City of Edmonton – EPCOR’S Gold Bar Wastewater Treatment Plant

City of Edmonton – Muttart Conservatory Rainwater Harvesting

City of Calgary – Fire Department’s Water Reclamation Project

Macdonald Island Park – Water Reuse and Heat Recovery

Strathcona County – Stormwater Management System

Strathcona Industrial Association – Suncor Taps into Waste Water

Other Provinces of Canada

City of Dawson Creek (British Columbia) – Water Reclamation /Wastewater Project

Dockside Green (British Columbia) – Wastewater Treatment Facility and Storm Water Management

Saltworks Technologies Inc (British Columbia) – Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) Water Treatment

Tetra Tech (British Columbia) – Sechelt Water Resource Centre

Yellowknife Eco-Housing Project


Australia’s Recycled Water Projects

City of Sydney Water Recycling Project at Green Square

Singapore’s National Water Agency NEWater Project

Water Reuse Guidelines


Alberta Environmental Protection and Enhancement Act (2017)

Alberta Environmental Protection and Enhancement Act: Wastewater and Storm Drainage Regulation (2012)

Alberta Municipal Affairs Fact Sheet: Alternative Solutions Guide for Small System Reclaimed Water Reuse (2017)

Alberta Guidelines for Municipal Wastewater Irrigation (2000)

Alberta Guidelines for Residential Rainwater Harvesting Systems (2010)

Alberta Standards and Guidelines for Municipal Waterworks, Wastewater and Storm Drainage Systems (2012)

Regional Municipality of Wood Buffalo: Closed Systems Standards (Technical Memorandum) (2014)

Strathcona County Best Management Practices for Stormwater Management Facilities (2016)

Other Provinces of Canada/National

Ontario Guidelines for Residential Rainwater Harvesting Systems (2010)

Canadian Guidelines for Domestic Reclaimed Water for Use in Toilet and Urinal Flushing (2010)

Canadian Guidelines for Residential Rainwater Harvesting Systems Handbook (2012)

Standards Council of Canada: Rainwater Harvesting Systems (CSA B805-18/ICC 805-2018)


Australian Guidelines for Water Recycling: Managing Health and Environmental Risks – Phase 2 (2008)

United States Environmental Protection Agency Guidelines for Water Reuse (2012)

World Health Organization Guidelines for the Safe Use of Wastewater, Excreta and Greywater (2006)

World Health Organization Quantitative Microbial Risk Assessment: Application for Water Safety Management (2016)


Alberta Urban Municipalities Association – Stormwater Reuse

City of Edmonton – Muttart Conservatory Rain Water Harvesting for Irrigation and Plant Health

City of Calgary Fire Department’s ATCO Training Facility, Water Reclamation Project

Dr. Nicholas Ashbolt’s Profile

Dr. Nicholas Ashbolt Interview: We’re Flushing Away More Than We Think

Dr. Nicholas Ashbolt’s Presentation: Water Revolution – Reimagining Our Water System–T7o

Dr. Nicholas Ashbolt’s Presentation: Non-Traditional Technologies – Recovery of Resources

Important Links


Alberta Low Impact Development Partnership

Alberta Rainwater Harvesting Resources

Alberta Reclaimed Wastewater Resources

Alberta Reclaimed Water Working Group

Alberta Resource Recovery Centre (PDF)

Alberta Water Legislation and Guidelines

University of Alberta – School of Public Health – Centre for Health Communities

Other Provinces of Canada/National

Canadian Association for Rainwater Management

Canadian Stormwater Institute Conference

Innovative Stormwater Management Practices Database

Western Canada Water Environment Association


Alliance for Water Efficiency (USA)

Regional Recycled Water – Advanced Purification Center (USA)

The Water Research Foundation (USA)

Water Reuse (USA)


Harder, R., Peters, G.M., Molander, S., Ashbolt, N.J., & Svanström, M. (2016). Including pathogen risk in life cycle assessment: the effect of modelling choices in the context of sewage sludge management. The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 21(1), 60-69. doi: 10.1007/s11367-015-0996-2. Full text available:

Kobayashi Y, Peters, G., Ashbolt, N.J., Heimersson, S., Svanström, M., & Khan, S. (2015). Global and local health burden trade-off through the hybridisation of quantitative microbial risk assessment and life cycle assessment to aid water management. Water Research, 79, 26-38. doi: 10.1016/j.watres.2015.03.015. Full text available:

Rudko, S. P.; Ruecker, N. J.; Ashbolt, N. J.; Neumann, N. F., & Hanington, P. C. (2017). Enterobius vermicularis as a novel surrogate for the presence of helminth ova in tertiary wastewater treatment plants. Appl Environ Microbiol, 83 (11), e00547-17. doi: 10.1128/AEM.00547-17. Full text available:

Schoen, M.E., Ashbolt, N.J., Jahne, M.A., & Garland, J. (2017). Risk-based enteric pathogen reduction targets for non-potable and direct potable use of roof runoff, stormwater, greywater, and wastewater. Microbial Risk Analysis, 5, 32-43. doi: 10.1016/j.mran.2017.01.002. Full text available:

Schoen, M.E., Xue, X., Wood, A., Hawkins, T.R., Garland, J. & Ashbolt, N.J. (2017). Cost, energy, global warming, eutrophication and local human health impacts of community water and sanitation service options. Water Research, 109(1), 186–195. doi: 10.1016/j.watres.2016.11.044. Full text available:

Wood A., Hawkins, T.R., Xue, X., Ashbolt, N.J., Garland, J., & Blackhurst, M. (2015). Cost-effectiveness of nitrogen mitigation by alternative household wastewater management technologies. Journal of Environmental Management, 150, 344-354. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2014.10.002. Full text available:

Xue X., Hawkins, T.R., Schoen, M.E., Garland, J., & Ashbolt, N.J. (2016). Comparing the life cycle energy consumption, global warming and eutrophication potentials of several water and waste service options. Water, 8(4),154. doi:10.3390/w8040154. Full text available:

Xue, X., Schoen, M.E., Ma, X.C., Hawkins, T.R., Ashbolt, N.J., Cashdollar, J., & Garland, J. (2015). Critical insights for a sustainability framework to address integrated community water services: Technical metrics and approaches. Water Research, 77, 155-169. doi: 10.1016/j.watres.2015.03.017. Full text available:

For more publications, see Ashbolt’s Research Gate

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